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2021考研英语综合备考:罪与罚Part 6-3

浏览:112 发表时间:2020-04-21 16:04:13

2021考研英语综合备考:罪与罚Part 6-3

"You seem to find her attractive yourself," laughed the officer.

“这么说你也喜欢她了,不是吗?”军官笑了起来。

"From her queerness. No, I'll tell you what. I could kill that damned old woman and make off with her money, I assure you, without the faintest conscience-prick," the student added with warmth. The officer laughed again while Raskolnikov shuddered. How strange it was!

“由于她怪。不,我要告诉你一件事。我真想杀了这个该死的老太婆,抢走她的钱,请你相信,我一点儿也不会感到良心的谴责”,大学生激动地又加上了一句。

军官又哈哈大笑起来。拉斯科利尼科夫却不由得颤栗了一下。这多么奇怪!

"Listen, I want to ask you a serious question," the student said hotly. "I was joking of course, but look here; on one side we have a stupid, senseless, worthless, spiteful, ailing, horrid old woman, not simply useless but doing actual mischief, who has not an idea what she is living for herself, and who will die in a day or two in any case. You understand? You understand?"

“对不起,我要向你提一个严肃的问题,”大学生激动起来。“当然,刚才我是开玩笑,不过你看:一方面是个毫无用处、毫无价值、愚蠢凶恶而且有病的老太婆,谁也不需要她,恰恰相反,她对大家都有害,她自己也不知道,她为什么活着,而且要不了多久,老太婆自己就会死掉。你明白我的意思吗?明白吗?”

"Yes, yes, I understand," answered the officer, watching his excited companion attentively.

“嗯,我明白,”军官凝神注视着情绪激动的大学生,回答说。

"Well, listen then. On the other side, fresh young lives thrown away for want of help and by thousands, on every side! A hundred thousand good deeds could be done and helped, on that old woman's money which will be buried in a monastery! Hundreds, thousands perhaps, might be set on the right path; dozens of families saved from destitution, from ruin, from vice, from the Lock hospitals--and all with her money. Kill her, take her money and with the help of it devote oneself to the service of humanity and the good of all. What do you think, would not one tiny crime be wiped out by thousands of good deeds? For one life thousands would be saved from corruption and decay. One death, and a hundred lives in exchange--it's simple arithmetic! Besides, what value has the life of that sickly, stupid, ill-natured old woman in the balance of existence! No more than the life of a louse, of a black-beetle, less in fact because the old woman is doing harm. She is wearing out the lives of others; the other day she bit Lizaveta's finger out of spite; it almost had to be amputated."

“你听我说下去。另一方面,一些年轻的新生力量,由于得不到帮助,以致陷入绝境,这样的人成千上万,到处都是!千百件好事和创举,可以用注定要让修道院白白拿去的、老太婆的那些钱来兴办,并使之得到改善!成千上万的人也许能走上正路;几十个家庭也许会免于贫困、离散、死亡、堕落,不至给送进性病医院,—— 而这一切都可以用她的钱来办。杀死她,拿走她的钱,为的是日后用这些钱献身于为全人类服务、为大众谋福利的事业:做千万件好事,能不能赎一桩微不足道的小罪,使罪行得到赦免,你认为呢?牺牲一个人的性命,成千上万人就可以得救,不至受苦受难,不至妻离子散。一个人的死换来百人的生——这不就是数学吗!再说,以公共利益来衡量,这个害肺病的、愚蠢凶恶的老太婆的生命又有什么意义呢?不过像只虱子,或者蟑螂罢了,而且还不如它们呢,因为老太婆活着是有害的。她吸别人的血,她吃人:前两天她还满怀仇恨地咬了莉扎薇塔的手指头:差点儿给咬断了!”


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