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2021考研英语综合备考:罪与罚Part 6-9

浏览:126 发表时间:2020-04-21 16:09:21

2021考研英语综合备考资料: 陀思妥耶夫斯基的经典英文小说《罪与罚》每天阅读一小段英语小说,保持语感,熟悉英文的说话方式,有助于英语阅读得到提高,咱们今天就开始从罪与罚 开始读起吧,对大家在进行2021考试的时候非常有帮助,更多相关信息,可关注咱们考研综合备考频道哦。

2021考研英语综合备考:罪与罚Part 6-9

And, indeed, if it had ever happened that everything to the least point could have been considered and finally settled, and no uncertainty of any kind had remained, he would, it seems, have renounced it all as something absurd, monstrous and impossible. But a whole mass of unsettled points and uncertainties remained. As for getting the axe, that trifling business cost him no anxiety, for nothing could be easier. Nastasya was continually out of the house, especially in the evenings; she would run in to the neighbours or to a shop, and always left the door ajar. It was the one thing the landlady was always scolding her about. And so, when the time came, he would only have to go quietly into the kitchen and to take the axe, and an hour later (when everything was over) go in and put it back again. But these were doubtful points. Supposing he returned an hour later to put it back, and Nastasya had come back and was on the spot. He would of course have to go by and wait till she went out again. But supposing she were in the meantime to miss the axe, look for it, make an outcry --that would mean suspicion or at least grounds for suspicion.

即使他的确已经把一切,直到最后一个细节,都详细研究过,而且作出了最后决定,再也没有任何怀疑了,——可现在似乎他还是会像放弃一件荒谬、骇人听闻、不可能实现的事情一样,放弃这一计划。而实际上尚未解决的难题和疑问还多得不计其数。至于上哪儿去弄斧头,这件不足道的小事却丝毫也不让他担心,因为这再容易不过了。是这么回事:娜斯塔西娅经常不在家,特别是晚上,她要么去邻居家串门,要么上小铺里去买东西,厨房门却总是敞着。就是为此,女房东常跟她吵架。那么到时候只要悄悄溜进厨房,拿了斧头,然后,过了一个钟头(等一切都已经办完以后),再溜进去,放还原处就行了。不过还是有些疑问:就假定说,过一个钟头他就回来,把斧头放回去吧,可是万一娜斯塔西娅突然回来了呢。当然啦,得从门旁走过去,等她再出去。可是万一这时候她发现斧头不见了,动手寻找,大声嚷嚷起来呢,——

那可就要引起怀疑,或者至少也是件会引起猜疑的事。

But those were all trifles which he had not even begun to consider, and indeed he had no time. He was thinking of the chief point, and put off trifling details, until /he could believe in it all/. But that seemed utterly unattainable. So it seemed to himself at least. He could not imagine, for instance, that he would sometime leave off thinking, get up and simply go there. . . . Even his late experiment (i.e. his visit with the object of a final survey of the place) was simply an attempt at an experiment, far from being the real thing, as though one should say "come, let us go and try it--why dream about it!"--and at once he had broken down and had run away cursing, in a frenzy with himself. Meanwhile it would seem, as regards the moral question, that his analysis was complete; his casuistry had become keen as a razor, and he could not find rational objections in himself. But in the last resort he simply ceased to believe in himself, and doggedly, slavishly sought arguments in all directions, fumbling for them, as though someone were forcing and drawing him to it.

不过这还都是些他没开始考虑、也没时间考虑的小事。他考虑的是主要问题,至于那些小事,留待以后,等他自己对一切都已深信不疑的时候再说。但要对一切深信不疑,这似乎是根本不可能实现的。至少他自己觉得是这样。例如,他无论如何也不能设想,有朝一日他会结束考虑,站起来,真的上那里去……就连不久前他作的那次试探(也就是为了最后察看那个地方而作的访问),他也只不过是去试探一下而已,而远不是当真的,而是这样:“让我”,他这样对自己说,“让我去试试看吧,干吗只是幻想呢!”——可是他立刻感到受不了了,十分痛恨自己,唾弃这一切,并逃之夭夭。然而,以道德观点来看,是否允许做这样的事,就这方面的问题所作的一切分析却已经结束了:诡辩犹如剃刀一般锋利,论据丝毫不容反驳,他自己已经没有有意识的反对意见了。但是尽管如此,他还是简直不相信自己,并执拗地、盲目地试探着从各方面寻找反驳的理由,仿佛有人强迫他、诱使他去这么做。最后一天来得这么突然,一切好像一下子都决定了,这一天几乎完全是在机械地影响他:仿佛有人拉住他的手,无法抗拒地、盲目地、以一种超自然的力量不容反对地拉着他跟随着自己。就好像他衣服的一角让车轮轧住,连他也给拖到火车底下去了。


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