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2021考研英语综合备考:罪与罚Part 6-10

浏览:139 发表时间:2020-04-21 16:10:00

2021考研英语综合备考资料: 陀思妥耶夫斯基的经典英文小说《罪与罚》每天阅读一小段英语小说,保持语感,熟悉英文的说话方式,有助于英语阅读得到提高,咱们今天就开始从罪与罚 开始读起吧,对大家在进行2021考试的时候非常有帮助,更多相关信息,可关注咱们考研综合备考频道哦。

2021考研英语综合备考:罪与罚Part 6-10

At first--long before indeed--he had been much occupied with one question; why almost all crimes are so badly concealed and so easily detected, and why almost all criminals leave such obvious traces? He had come gradually to many different and curious conclusions, and in his opinion the chief reason lay not so much in the material impossibility of concealing the crime, as in the criminal himself. Almost every criminal is subject to a failure of will and reasoning power by a childish and phenomenal heedlessness, at the very instant when prudence and caution are most essential. It was his conviction that this eclipse of reason and failure of will power attacked a man like a disease, developed gradually and reached its highest point just before the perpetration of the crime, continued with equal violence at the moment of the crime and for longer or shorter time after, according to the individual case, and then passed off like any other disease. The question whether the disease gives rise to the crime, or whether the crime from its own peculiar nature is always accompanied by something of the nature of disease, he did not yet feel able to decide.

最初,——不过,已经是很久以前了,——有一个问题使他很感兴趣:为什么几乎一切罪行都这么容易被发觉和败露,而且几乎所有罪犯都会留下如此明显的痕迹?他逐渐得出各种各样很有意思的结论,照他看,最主要的原因与其说在于掩盖罪行,实际上是不可能的,不如说在于犯罪者本人;罪犯本人,而且几乎是每一个罪犯,在犯罪的那一瞬间都会意志衰退,丧失理智,恰恰相反,正是在最需要理智和谨慎的那一瞬间,幼稚和罕见的轻率却偏偏取代了意志和理智。根据他的这一信念,可以得出结论:这种一时糊涂和意志衰退犹如疾病一般控制着人,渐渐发展,到犯罪的不久前达到顶点;在犯罪的那一瞬间以及此后若干时间内,仍然保持这种状态不变,至于这会持续多久,就要看各人的情况了;以后也会像各种疾病一样消失。问题是:是疾病产生犯罪呢,还是犯罪本身,由于它的特殊性质,总是伴随着某种类似疾病的现象?他尚未感觉到自己能解决这个问题。

When he reached these conclusions, he decided that in his own case there could not be such a morbid reaction, that his reason and will would remain unimpaired at the time of carrying out his design, for the simple reason that his design was "not a crime. . . ." We will omit all the process by means of which he arrived at this last conclusion; we have run too far ahead already. . . . We may add only that the practical, purely material difficulties of the affair occupied a secondary position in his mind. "One has but to keep all one's will-power and reason to deal with them, and they will all be overcome at the time when once one has familiarised oneself with the minutest details of the business. . . ." But this preparation had never been begun. His final decisions were what he came to trust least, and when the hour struck, it all came to pass quite differently, as it were accidentally and unexpectedly.

得出这样的结论以后,他断定,他本人,在他这件事情上,不可能发生这一类病态心理变化,在实行这一经过深思熟虑的计划时,他绝不会失去理智和意志,而这仅仅是因为,他所筹划的——“不是犯罪”……使他得以作出最终决定的整个过程,我们就略而不谈了吧;就是不谈这些,我们也已经扯得太远了……我们只补充一点,这件事情中那些实际的、纯粹技术性的困难,在他的头脑里只起最次要的作用。“只要对这些困难保持清醒的头脑和意志,到时候,到必须了解一切细节,了解事情的一切微妙之处的时候,一切困难都会克服的……”但事情并未开始。他一直完全不相信自己的最后决定,而当时候到了,却一切都不是那么一回事,不知怎的似乎那么突然,甚至几乎是出乎意料。

One trifling circumstance upset his calculations, before he had even left the staircase. When he reached the landlady's kitchen, the door of which was open as usual, he glanced cautiously in to see whether, in Nastasya's absence, the landlady herself was there, or if not, whether the door to her own room was closed, so that she might not peep out when he went in for the axe. But what was his amazement when he suddenly saw that Nastasya was not only at home in the kitchen, but was occupied there, taking linen out of a basket and hanging it on a line. Seeing him, she left off hanging the clothes, turned to him and stared at him all the time he was passing. He turned away his eyes, and walked past as though he noticed nothing. But it was the end of everything; he had not the axe! He was overwhelmed.

他还没下完楼梯,一个最微不足道的意外情况就使他束手无策,不知所措了。他走到和往常一样总是敞着的、女房东的厨房门前,小心翼翼地往厨房里瞟了一眼,想事先看清:娜斯塔西娅不在的时候,女房东本人是不是在那儿?如果她不在厨房里,那么她的房门是不是关好了?以免他进去拿斧头的时候,她从自己屋里朝外张望,恰好看见。但是当他突然看到,这一次娜斯塔西娅不但在家,在厨房里,而且还在干活,正从篮子里拿出几件内衣,分别晾到绳子上去,这时他感到多么惊讶!她一看到他,立刻停住不晾衣服了,回过头来望着他,一直到他走了过去。他转眼望着别处,走了过去,装作什么也没看见。但事情已经完了,因为没有斧子!他受到了一次可怕的打击。


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