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2021考研何凯文每日一句第167句

浏览:71 发表时间:2020-07-27 11:51:14

跟着KK开始学习何凯文每日一句!精英学校已经形成一套隐秘而完美的歧视性招生政策,系统性的招生政策歧视才是应该重点关注的。如果你能从开始坚持到结束,对于每一句能够融会贯通,那么你就赢了!下面考研带给大家何凯文每日一句:

2021何凯文每日一句系列

今天的句子:

But we also must reject educational systems that, behind a supposed commitment to equity, quietly perpetuate the status quo. Instead of focusing on who from the margins is able to get in, we would do better to direct our attention to the fundamental ways selective admissions and educational institutions maintain the privileges of whiteness.

思考题:

According to the text, what we should do when facing the educational issue?

(A) we should cement the status quo to reject educational systems.

(B) we should get those educational institutions marginalized.

(C) we should focus on the fundamental change of educational systems.

(D) we should maintain the selective admissions and privileges of whiteness.

词汇突破:

1.sopposed 声称的

2. commitment to equity 对于公平的承诺

3. perpetuate the status quo 固化现状 cement= perpetuate

4.people from margins 边缘人群,弱势群体

5. direct our attention to 把我们的注意力集中到…

6. selective admissions 有选择性的招生方式

第一句:

But we also must reject educational systems that, behind a supposed commitment to equity, quietly perpetuate the status quo.

切分:

1. But we also must reject educational systems

2. that, behind a supposed commitment to equity, quietly perpetuate the status quo.

That= educational systems

参考译文:但是我们同样应该抵制这样的教育系统:一边声称遵守公平,一边背后悄悄地固化现状

第二句:

Instead of focusing on who from the margins is able to get in, we would do better to direct our attention to the fundamental ways selective admissions and educational institutions maintain the privileges of whiteness.

切分:

1.Instead of focusing on who from the margins is able to get in,

2.we would do better to direct our attention to the fundamental ways

3.(that)selective admissions and educational institutions maintain the privileges of whiteness.

(同位语从句解释前面的ways,解释这些方式是用来做什么的。)

参考译文:我们不用关注哪些来自弱势群体的人能进入(精英学校),我们最 好把注意力集中到这些根本性的方式上:有选择性的招生方式和教育机构在维持着白人的特权。

思考题:

According to the text, what we should do when facing the educational issue?

面对教育问题的时候,我们应该做什么?

(A) we should cement the status quo to reject educational systems.

我们应该固化现状来拒绝教育系统

(原文:我们应该反对哪些固化现状的教育系统 ,所以该选项不对。)

(B) we should get those educational institutions marginalized.

我们应该使那些教育机构边缘化

(有文中出现的元素但是整体语义在文中没有体现。)

(C) we should focus on the fundamental change of educational systems.

我们应该关注教育系统的根本变化

(模糊替换,对应最后一句!我们应该关注根本性的方式=关注教育系统得根本性的变化。)

如果你对这个替换有意见,我就只能说,其他三个选项错的太离谱了,所以这个选项正确!

(D) we should maintain the selective admissions and privileges of whiteness.

我们应该维持选择性的招生系统和白人的特权。

(偷换!这是一定不对的选项)

文章来源和背景:

美国顶 级公立高中黑人,拉美人和亚裔的人数非常少,白人占到了绝大多数,哈佛大学的歧视性招生政策被披露以后更是引起轩然大波。而且精英学校已经形成一套隐秘而完美的歧视性招生政策。比如,哈佛会优先录取优秀的棒球或者橄榄球运动员或者校友的孩子。这里貌似没有对于有色人种和穷人家孩子的歧视,但是哈佛校友大多是白色的富人。即使某些学校在公众的压力下增加了一些有色人种的招生数量,但是这种系统性的招生政策歧视才是应该重点关注的。


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